SERGEY PARAJANOV

(1924-1990)

Sergey Parajanov was born in Tbilisi, m the Armenian family, that had a deep historical background.

From 1945 to 1952 Parajanov was studying at the Moscow institute of Cinematography, and afterwards he was assigned to a job in Kiev, at the Dovzbenko film studio. In 1964 he directed "The Shadows of our Ancestors", which at once made him one of the best directors of the world. The next movie, 'The Color of Pomegranates", directed at "Armenfilm", studio in 1969, had brought him the world fame. At that time, as well as during the following years, he wrote a few interesting screenplays, none of which were realized: they all were rejected by the party and government authorities.

I am  60 years old. Collage

The Soviet system dialed cruelly with the director, and for 15 years he had been dismissed from the movies, hi 1973 he was illegaly arrested and sentenced for 5 years of imprisonment into a strict regime prison, by faked-up inckrimination. He made a lot of interesting works in Jail. As a result of the famous cultural workers' protests, Parajanov was discharged in 1977. He owed his discharge.

Back in Tbilisi, he was left jobless. During those years he wrote screenplays and was busy with plastic art. In 1982 he was sent to Tbilisi’s prison without a trial, where he spent 11 months.

With the start of perestroika, the attitude towards Parajanov had changed. In 1984 he directed "The legend of Suram Fortress" at "Grosia-film", and in 1988 - "Ashik- Kerib" In 1989 he started the autobiographical Movie "Confession" at "Armenfilm", but hardly being started shot, it was interrupted by the director's processing disease. At that time, according to French Government's decision, Parajanov was taken to Paris for treatment. Unfortunately, the disease was incurable, in July, 1990 Parajanov died ID Yerevan and was buried at the Pantheon of Armenian capital.

Parajanov's contribution into world cinema is, first of all, his created Unique new movie language, his poetic movies, which was highly appreciated at the international film festivals in Mar Del Plata (1964), Tel Aviv, Munich, Constantinapole, Moscow, etc. All his movies gained more than 30 prizes. The director's plastic art had become a new brink of his creative work. In numerous collages, dolls, drawings, created by him, there are seen echoes of various cultures of east and west. And first off all, Armenian's culture and art. In 1991 the museum of Parajanov was established in Yerevan, where more than 600 works are delayed and stored.

Since then, more than 20 successful exhibitions have been held outside Armenia: in Vienna, Munich, Lodz, Moscow, Kiev, Cannes» Tokyo, Rome, etc. Parajanov's movies have been highly appreciated by the prominent world movie directors like Fellini, Antonioni, as well as by film critics and cinematologists. Parajanov's name has taken a place among the most outstanding directors of the XX century.